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Wednesday, June 14, 2017

oupacademic: A Very Short Fact: On this day in 1940, 728 Polish...



oupacademic:
A Very Short Fact: On this day in 1940, 728 Polish political prisoners were interred at Auschwitz, becoming the first detainees of the concentration camp. The first executions took place one year later in 1941, and an estimated 1.1 million people died there, about 90% of which were Jewish.
“At Wannsee (Berlin) in 1942 the decision was taken to implement the Endlösung (‘Final Solution’), that is physically to exterminate all Jews. Extermination camps were established at Auschwitz, Belsen, and elsewhere in Central Europe and Jews transported to them in inhuman conditions to be killed, generally by gassing followed by mass cremation; able-bodied Jews were subjected to forced labour under slave conditions before being killed. A systematic policy of humiliation and degradation was practised prior to the actual killing. Up to six million Jews perished, perhaps two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe and one-third of the world Jewish population.”
[P. 119- Judaism: A Very Short Introduction by Norman Solomon]
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Image credit: Entrance to the German death camp Auschwitz I in Poland by Logaritmo. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.


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